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This page contains information about voting in the Local Elections and the electoral system.
Updated: 14/09/2020 4:06 p.m.




Electoral system

The Local Electoral Act 2001 (LEA) allows Councils to use one of the two  electoral systems during its elections, First Past the Post (FPP) and Single Transferable Vote (STV). Whangarei District Council has used FPP since 2001 and has opted to use the same system in 2022.

During the 2019 triennial elections, 67 of 78 local authorities in New Zealand uesd the FPP electoral system, and 11 of 78 local authorities used the STV electoral system. Far North District Council  and Kaipara District Councils have opted to use STV in 2022.

About FPP

Under the First Past the Post (FPP) electoral system, the candidate with the most votes wins. This is a very simple method of electing candidates and is widely used throughout the world. It was used in New Zealand for Parliamentary elections up until the introduction of MMP (Mixes Member Proportional) in the 1996 general election and has been used by Whangarei District Council since 2001.

With the First Past the Post (FPP) system:

  • Electors place ticks next to the names of their preferred candidate(s), and
  • The candidate that received the most votes is declared the winner.

Under FPP, you would place ticks next to the names of three candidates, wihch means you would have three votes.

You can learn more about FPP at:

First Past the Post - Department of Internal Affairs

About STV

Under a Single Transferable Vote (STV) electoral system, voters rank candidates in their order of preference. This system is used in the District Health Board elections.

With a Single Transferable Vote (STV) system:

  • Electors rank candidates in their order of preference - '1' for your first choice, '2' for your second choice, '3' for your third choice and so on.
  • The number of votes required for a candidate to be elected (called the quota) depends on the number of positions to be filled and the number of valid votes.
  • The necessary number of candidates to fill all vacancies is achieved:
    • First by counting of the first preferences;
    • Then by transfer of a proportion of votes received by  any candidate where the number of votes for that candidate exceeds the quota.

More about STV - Department of Internal Affairs

Decision by Council

Whangarei District Council has voted to continue to use the First Past the Post (FPP) electoral system for its 2022 elections, but voters have until 21 February 2021 to demand a poll on whether to use the First Past the Post or the Single Transferable Voting electoral system for the next two Council elections (2022 and 2025.)

If a valid demand for a poll is received by 21 February 2021 a poll will be held by 21 May 2021 on whether the First Past the Post or the Single Transferable Voting electoral system will be used for the next two Council elections (2022 and 2025.)

If a valid demand fpr a poll was received after the 21 February 2021 deadline, a poll would be held after 21 May 2021 and the outcome would apply to the 2025 and 2028 triennial elections.

To be considered "valid" a demand must be made in writing and be signed by at least 5 per cent (3080) of elegible voters in the Whangarei District. For the results of a poll to apply to the 2022 Council elections, the demand would need to be delivered to the Whangarei District Council, Forum North, 7 Rust Avenue, Whangarei by 4.30pm, Monday the 22 February 2021.

Every elector who signs a demand must also set out in it their full name and the address for which they are qualified as an elector of the Whangarei District Council.

The Notice of Council Resolution on Electoral System and Right to Demand a Poll to countermand the resolution to utilise the first past the post electoral system for the 2022 local body elections can be found here:

Notice of Council Resolution on Electoral System and Right to Demand a Poll [91kb]

2019 Local Election Returns

See the final number of voting returns received, including special votes for the 2019 Elections using this link:

Voting Document Returns Report - 19 October 2019 [113kb]




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